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Museet museum över polacker som försökte rädda judar undan Förintelsen

Righteous Among the Nations. The Ulma Family Museum in Markowa opens 17 March 2016

Vi rekommenderar Artur Szulcs artikel om museet från 25 november 2013 "Museum över de polska rättfärdiga"
“Saving the lives of others, they sacrificed their own” – the tragic history of Wiktoria and Józef Ulma and their six children has been an inspiration to give the Museum of Poles Saving Jews in the Podkarpacie Region the name of the Ulma Family. More than 6600 Polish citizens received title of ‘righteous among the nations’ from Yad Vashem in Israel — outnumbering any other nationality. Nazi-occupied Poland was the only country where Nazi Germans had decreed that helping Jews would be punished by death for entire family.

The Museum in Markowa is the first museum in Poland dedicated to all Poles who rescued Jews. Until now, there has been no place in Poland to present – in a broader context – the profiles of heroes who risked their lives to help their fellow Jewish citizens facing the Holocaust. Museum is located in the village of Markowa near Rzeszów, where local inhabitants hid about 30 Jews during WW2. On 24 March 1944 the Germans executed eight members of the Ulma family for helping Jews. They also killed the eight people they were hiding.

The Museum inspired by the fates of the Ulma family shows the history of Polish heroes under German occupation 1939-45. Poles who helped Jews were punished by death with their entire families by the Nazi Germany. Despite being threatened with execution, many Poles decided to help not only their Jewish neighbours, acquaintances, but also strangers. The Ulma family from Markowa is an example of those people.

Before World War II, Markowa – the largest village in Poland – was inhabited by nearly 4,500 people, including 30 Jewish families. The Ulmas gave shelter to two Jewish families: the Szalls and the Goldmans. On the night of 24 March 1944, the German military police, accompanied by blue policemen, got into the house of the Ulma family to brutally shoot, in front of witnesses, Józef Ulma and his wife Wiktoria, who was in the ninth month of pregnancy, their six children and eight Jews sheltered by the family. The heroic attitude of the Ulmas has become a symbol of the sacrifice of all Poles who saved Jews during the war.

The history of the family has become a symbol of the "many heroes who, without weapons, stood up to the Nazi regime," said Dariusz Stoła, director of the Warsaw-based Museum of the History of Polish Jews Polin.

Those visiting Markowa can learn, among others, the history of Józef Ulma – a distinctive citizen and social activist who was the first to introduce innovative methods of horticulture and gardening. He was active in the local Catholic Youth Association and supported the Union of the Rural Youth “Wici” as its librarian. His greatest passion was, however, photography. Using a self-constructed photo camera, Józef Ulma took thousands of photos of his family and friends.

There were many more people like the Ulmas. Besides names well-known around the world, such as Irena Sendler and Jan Karski, there were thousands of nameless Polish heroes who saved Jews and have now become forgotten.

In 1995, Israeli Yad Vashem posthumously bestowed the Ulma family the titles of the Righteous Among the Nations. Poles have the world's highest count of individuals who have been recognized by Yad Vashem as Righteous Among the Nations for saving Jews from extermination during Holocaust. There are 6620 Polish men and women recognized as Righteous to this day, i.e. over a quarter of total 25 thousand awards.

How many people in Poland rescued Jews? Of those that meet Yad Vashem's criteria – perhaps 100,000. Of those that offered minor forms of help – perhaps two or three times as many. Of those who were passively protective – undoubtedly the majority of the population
. — Gunnar S. Paulsson

The opening of the Museum in Markowa takes place 17 March 2016. The events commemorating the heroism of the Ulmas will be attended by Andrzej Duda, President of Poland, and numerous guests from abroad.

Read more:
Markowa Museum
polska.pl
Polish Embassy SE
Ricky Neumans text i Judisk krönika

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